Classification of ic engine pdf Brooks Bay

classification of ic engine pdf

CLASSIFICATION OF IC ENGINES MY FAVOURITE...... MECHANISMS classification CI-4PLUS are formulated to provide a higher level of protection against soot-related viscosity increase and viscosity loss due to shear in vehicles powered by diesel engines.

Lubricants 4. Lubricants for Internal Combustion Engines

Chapter 1 engine components and classification SlideShare. Internal Combustion Engines Tiago Farias Engine classification 8. Fuel Injection CARBURETOR Port-Fuel INJECTION Direct INJECTION Differences between Gasoline Direct Injection and traditional Port Fuel Injection DI Port Fuel Injection Where fuel is applied Combustion chamber Intake port Fuel rail pressure 2,200 psi (150 bar) Approximately 60 psi (4 bar) Fuel apply (crank degrees) Approximately, Internal Combustion Engines –MAK 493E Combustion in SI Engines Introduction Classification of the combustion process Normal combustion : flame speed, turbulence Parameters influencing combustion process Ignition system Abnormal combustion : knock, surface ignition Parameters influencing knock Cyclic variations in combustion. 2 Introduction In a conventional SI engine, fuel ….

The rotary engine, or Wankel engine, is similar to the standard piston engine in that it is a spark ignition, internal combustion engine. Its design, however, is quite different. For one thing, the rotary engine uses a rotating motion rather than a reciprocating motion. In addition, it uses ports rather than valves for controlling the intake of the air-fuel mixture and the exhaust of the 1/11/2013 · CHAPTER ONE 3 Contents Why we study about engines Definition of engine Definition of heat engine Heat engine and classification • Internal combustion ngine

Internal Combustion Engines Lecture-3 Ujjwal K Saha, Ph.D. Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati Prepared under QIP-CD Cell Project. 2 Background. 3 Classifications 1. Engine Cycle Four Stroke Cycle Experiences 4 strokes of the Piston movements over 2 revolutions of the crankshaft Two Stroke Cycle Experiences 2 strokes of the Piston … Important..!About ic engine classification pdf is Not Asked Yet ? .. Please ASK FOR ic engine classification pdf BY CLICK HERE....Our Team/forum members are ready to help you in free of cost...

In an internal combustion engine, where the fuel is a gas or volatile fuel (petrol), internal combustion engines do not discharge heat at as low a temperature as do steam engines and steam turbines. But the actual working range of temperature is so large that an I.C. engine converts into work two or three times more of heat energy of the fuel than is realised by any steam engine or steam The rotary engine, or Wankel engine, is similar to the standard piston engine in that it is a spark ignition, internal combustion engine. Its design, however, is quite different. For one thing, the rotary engine uses a rotating motion rather than a reciprocating motion. In addition, it uses ports rather than valves for controlling the intake of the air-fuel mixture and the exhaust of the

48, Gas: Heating and Illuminating, subclass 198.8 for a method of making a fuel gas from methane using an internal combustion engine. 60, Power Plants, subclasses 39.6+ , for engines of the external-combustion type. Important..!About ic engine classification pdf is Not Asked Yet ? .. Please ASK FOR ic engine classification pdf BY CLICK HERE....Our Team/forum members are ready to help you in free of cost...

Engine Design & Classification: An engine is a power generating machine. It converts potential energy of the fuel into heat energy and then into rotary motion. Engine Design & Classification: An engine is a power generating machine. It converts potential energy of the fuel into heat energy and then into rotary motion.

In an internal combustion engine, where the fuel is a gas or volatile fuel (petrol), internal combustion engines do not discharge heat at as low a temperature as do steam engines and steam turbines. But the actual working range of temperature is so large that an I.C. engine converts into work two or three times more of heat energy of the fuel than is realised by any steam engine or steam 1Internal Combustion Engines Lecture-3 Ujjwal KSaha, Ph.D. Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute o...

Classification of Internal Combustion (IC) engines There are several methods of classification of IC engines: One of the most important is the principle of operation. It can be four stroke engine or two stroke engine (one stroke is half revolution of the crankshaft) The four stroke engine operation: (one cycle is two crankshaft revolution) Strokes: I. Induction: piston is moving down, inlet Classification of Internal Combustion (IC) engines There are several methods of classification of IC engines: One of the most important is the principle of operation. It can be four stroke engine or two stroke engine (one stroke is half revolution of the crankshaft) The four stroke engine operation: (one cycle is two crankshaft revolution) Strokes: I. Induction: piston is moving down, inlet

Types of 4 cylinder engines Inline Here all the cylinders of the engine are in a straight line. This is the most popular type of engine in India. The rotary engine, or Wankel engine, is similar to the standard piston engine in that it is a spark ignition, internal combustion engine. Its design, however, is quite different. For one thing, the rotary engine uses a rotating motion rather than a reciprocating motion. In addition, it uses ports rather than valves for controlling the intake of the air-fuel mixture and the exhaust of the

The rotary engine, or Wankel engine, is similar to the standard piston engine in that it is a spark ignition, internal combustion engine. Its design, however, is quite different. For one thing, the rotary engine uses a rotating motion rather than a reciprocating motion. In addition, it uses ports rather than valves for controlling the intake of the air-fuel mixture and the exhaust of the Approval of I.C. Engines – July 2017 Page 5 of 56 Classification Notes Indian Register of Shipping Section 1 Documentation 1.1 Scope This section gives an overview of the type approval and certification process of I.C.

Thereafter, Rudolf Diesel invented a different form of internal combustion engine in 1892. Continuous efforts have been given by the researchers for the improvements of the IC engines. Classification of Internal Combustion Engine Combined fault detection and classification of internal combustion engine using neural network Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Vibroengineering 16(8):3912-3921 В· December 2014 with 255 Reads

CLASSIFICATION NOTES irclass.org

classification of ic engine pdf

CLASSIFICATION OF IC ENGINES MY FAVOURITE...... MECHANISMS. This document is applicable to any IC engine(s) for which type approval certification is dated on or after 01 July 2016. The “date of application for type approval” is the date of documents, CLASSIFICATION OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES. There are different types of IC engines that can be classified on the following basis.ssified on the following basis. 11.. 1. According to thermodynamic cycle According to thermodynamic cycle i) Otto cycle i) Otto cycle engine engine engine oroorror Constant volume heat supplied cycle.Constant volume heat supplied cycle.Constant ….

ic engine classification pdf studentbank.in. An engine develops more torque at intermediate speeds than at the maximum speed. This is because the volumetric efficiency is higher at intermediate speeds. Thus, there is a greater amount of air to burn during the power stroke. This results in higher combustion pressure and therefore, a greater torque is applied to the crankshaft. At higher speeds the volumetric efficiency and combustion, 1Internal Combustion Engines Lecture-3 Ujjwal KSaha, Ph.D. Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute o....

Internal Combustion Engines Lecture note for the

classification of ic engine pdf

ic engine classification pdf studentbank.in. The rotary engine, or Wankel engine, is similar to the standard piston engine in that it is a spark ignition, internal combustion engine. Its design, however, is quite different. For one thing, the rotary engine uses a rotating motion rather than a reciprocating motion. In addition, it uses ports rather than valves for controlling the intake of the air-fuel mixture and the exhaust of the ICE classification. Combustion engines can be classified into different categories. The two most important are based on the combustion process (spark ignition vs. compression ignition) and on working cycle (2 strokes vs. 4 strokes)..

classification of ic engine pdf

  • (PDF) Combined fault detection and classification of
  • Engine Design & Classification How automotive engines are
  • ic engine classification pdf studentbank.in

  • Thereafter, Rudolf Diesel invented a different form of internal combustion engine in 1892. Continuous efforts have been given by the researchers for the improvements of the IC engines. Classification of Internal Combustion Engine CLASSIFICATION OF ENGINES Engines for automotive and construction equipment may be classified in several ways: type of fuel used, type of cooling employed, or valve and cylinder arrange-ment. They all operate on the internal combustion principle.

    The rotary engine, or Wankel engine, is similar to the standard piston engine in that it is a spark ignition, internal combustion engine. Its design, however, is quite different. For one thing, the rotary engine uses a rotating motion rather than a reciprocating motion. In addition, it uses ports rather than valves for controlling the intake of the air-fuel mixture and the exhaust of the This document is applicable to any IC engine(s) for which type approval certification is dated on or after 01 July 2016. The “date of application for type approval” is the date of documents

    48, Gas: Heating and Illuminating, subclass 198.8 for a method of making a fuel gas from methane using an internal combustion engine. 60, Power Plants, subclasses 39.6+ , for engines of the external-combustion type. ICE classification. Combustion engines can be classified into different categories. The two most important are based on the combustion process (spark ignition vs. compression ignition) and on working cycle (2 strokes vs. 4 strokes).

    16/07/2008 · Classification. At one time the word, “engine” (from Latin, via Old French, ingenium, “ability”) meant any piece of machinery—a sense that persists in expressions such as siege engine. Approval of I.C. Engines – July 2017 Page 5 of 56 Classification Notes Indian Register of Shipping Section 1 Documentation 1.1 Scope This section gives an overview of the type approval and certification process of I.C.

    Types of 4 cylinder engines Inline Here all the cylinders of the engine are in a straight line. This is the most popular type of engine in India. classification CI-4PLUS are formulated to provide a higher level of protection against soot-related viscosity increase and viscosity loss due to shear in vehicles powered by diesel engines.

    Approval of I.C. Engines – July 2017 Page 5 of 56 Classification Notes Indian Register of Shipping Section 1 Documentation 1.1 Scope This section gives an overview of the type approval and certification process of I.C. Lubricants, 4. Lubricants for Internal Combustion Engines. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. . Lubricants for Internal Combustion Engines. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of …

    Types of 4 cylinder engines Inline Here all the cylinders of the engine are in a straight line. This is the most popular type of engine in India. GMT internal combustion engine fundamentals pdf - This text, by a leading authority in the field, presents a fundamental and factual development of the science and engineering underlying the design of combustion engines and turbines. An extensive illustration program supports the concepts and theories discussed. Sat, 22 Dec 2018 09:16:00 GMT Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals by John B

    An engine develops more torque at intermediate speeds than at the maximum speed. This is because the volumetric efficiency is higher at intermediate speeds. Thus, there is a greater amount of air to burn during the power stroke. This results in higher combustion pressure and therefore, a greater torque is applied to the crankshaft. At higher speeds the volumetric efficiency and combustion Important..!About ic engine classification pdf is Not Asked Yet ? .. Please ASK FOR ic engine classification pdf BY CLICK HERE....Our Team/forum members are ready to help you in free of cost...

    MODULE 3: HYDROGEN USE IN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES OBJECTIVES At the completion of this module, the technician will understand: • the combustive properties of hydrogen that relate to its use as a combustive fuel • the air/fuel ratio of hydrogen fuel mixtures and how it compares to other fuels • the types of p re-ignitio noblems enco utered in a hyd gen internal comb stio engine and MODULE 3: HYDROGEN USE IN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES OBJECTIVES At the completion of this module, the technician will understand: • the combustive properties of hydrogen that relate to its use as a combustive fuel • the air/fuel ratio of hydrogen fuel mixtures and how it compares to other fuels • the types of p re-ignitio noblems enco utered in a hyd gen internal comb stio engine and

    16/07/2008 · Classification. At one time the word, “engine” (from Latin, via Old French, ingenium, “ability”) meant any piece of machinery—a sense that persists in expressions such as siege engine. Internal Combustion Engines Lecture-3 Ujjwal K Saha, Ph.D. Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati Prepared under QIP-CD Cell Project. 2 Background. 3 Classifications 1. Engine Cycle Four Stroke Cycle Experiences 4 strokes of the Piston movements over 2 revolutions of the crankshaft Two Stroke Cycle Experiences 2 strokes of the Piston …

    Approval of I.C. Engines – July 2017 Page 5 of 56 Classification Notes Indian Register of Shipping Section 1 Documentation 1.1 Scope This section gives an overview of the type approval and certification process of I.C. This document is applicable to any IC engine(s) for which type approval certification is dated on or after 01 July 2016. The “date of application for type approval” is the date of documents

    CLASSIFICATION OF IC ENGINES MY FAVOURITE...... MECHANISMS

    classification of ic engine pdf

    (PDF) Combined fault detection and classification of. MODULE 3: HYDROGEN USE IN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES OBJECTIVES At the completion of this module, the technician will understand: • the combustive properties of hydrogen that relate to its use as a combustive fuel • the air/fuel ratio of hydrogen fuel mixtures and how it compares to other fuels • the types of p re-ignitio noblems enco utered in a hyd gen internal comb stio engine and, GMT internal combustion engine fundamentals pdf - This text, by a leading authority in the field, presents a fundamental and factual development of the science and engineering underlying the design of combustion engines and turbines. An extensive illustration program supports the concepts and theories discussed. Sat, 22 Dec 2018 09:16:00 GMT Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals by John B.

    Lubricants 4. Lubricants for Internal Combustion Engines

    what is engine and its classifications ic engines. In an internal combustion engine, where the fuel is a gas or volatile fuel (petrol), internal combustion engines do not discharge heat at as low a temperature as do steam engines and steam turbines. But the actual working range of temperature is so large that an I.C. engine converts into work two or three times more of heat energy of the fuel than is realised by any steam engine or steam, This document is applicable to any IC engine(s) for which type approval certification is dated on or after 01 July 2016. The “date of application for type approval” is the date of documents.

    17/08/2016 · A machine with moving parts that converts heat energy into mechanical energy. what is engine and its classification,engine classification ppt,classification of engine pdf,classification … CLASSIFICATION OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES. There are different types of IC engines that can be classified on the following basis.ssified on the following basis. 11.. 1. According to thermodynamic cycle According to thermodynamic cycle i) Otto cycle i) Otto cycle engine engine engine oroorror Constant volume heat supplied cycle.Constant volume heat supplied cycle.Constant …

    CLASSIFICATION OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES. There are different types of IC engines that can be classified on the following basis.ssified on the following basis. 11.. 1. According to thermodynamic cycle According to thermodynamic cycle i) Otto cycle i) Otto cycle engine engine engine oroorror Constant volume heat supplied cycle.Constant volume heat supplied cycle.Constant … Classification of IC Engines - Download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. A finite description of IC engines & its classifications in the undergrad level

    Types of 4 cylinder engines Inline Here all the cylinders of the engine are in a straight line. This is the most popular type of engine in India. Classification of Internal Combustion (IC) engines There are several methods of classification of IC engines: One of the most important is the principle of operation. It can be four stroke engine or two stroke engine (one stroke is half revolution of the crankshaft) The four stroke engine operation: (one cycle is two crankshaft revolution) Strokes: I. Induction: piston is moving down, inlet

    Classification of IC Engines - Download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. A finite description of IC engines & its classifications in the undergrad level Classification of Internal Combustion (IC) engines There are several methods of classification of IC engines: One of the most important is the principle of operation. It can be four stroke engine or two stroke engine (one stroke is half revolution of the crankshaft) The four stroke engine operation: (one cycle is two crankshaft revolution) Strokes: I. Induction: piston is moving down, inlet

    CLASSIFICATION OF ENGINES Engines for automotive and construction equipment may be classified in several ways: type of fuel used, type of cooling employed, or valve and cylinder arrange-ment. They all operate on the internal combustion principle. Internal Combustion Engines –MAK 493E Combustion in SI Engines Introduction Classification of the combustion process Normal combustion : flame speed, turbulence Parameters influencing combustion process Ignition system Abnormal combustion : knock, surface ignition Parameters influencing knock Cyclic variations in combustion. 2 Introduction In a conventional SI engine, fuel …

    There is still another classification according to the process of combustion: explosion or constant-volume combustion engines and constant-pressure combustion or Diesel engines. - Spark-ignition engine – Internal combustion engine typically running on gasoline or natural gas, where the combustion process is initiated by a spark plug. Classification of IC Engines - Download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. A finite description of IC engines & its classifications in the undergrad level

    Approval of I.C. Engines – July 2017 Page 5 of 56 Classification Notes Indian Register of Shipping Section 1 Documentation 1.1 Scope This section gives an overview of the type approval and certification process of I.C. There is still another classification according to the process of combustion: explosion or constant-volume combustion engines and constant-pressure combustion or Diesel engines. - Spark-ignition engine – Internal combustion engine typically running on gasoline or natural gas, where the combustion process is initiated by a spark plug.

    16/07/2008 · Classification. At one time the word, “engine” (from Latin, via Old French, ingenium, “ability”) meant any piece of machinery—a sense that persists in expressions such as siege engine. 2 1 The Internal Combustion Engine—An Introduction ences a heat addition, in which its pressure and temperature increase. It then goes through

    17/08/2016 · A machine with moving parts that converts heat energy into mechanical energy. what is engine and its classification,engine classification ppt,classification of engine pdf,classification … CLASSIFICATION OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES. There are different types of IC engines that can be classified on the following basis.ssified on the following basis. 11.. 1. According to thermodynamic cycle According to thermodynamic cycle i) Otto cycle i) Otto cycle engine engine engine oroorror Constant volume heat supplied cycle.Constant volume heat supplied cycle.Constant …

    Classification of engines Four-stroke and two-stroke engines SI engines, CI engines. 4 Introduction Internal Combustion Engines (IC-engines) produce mechanical power from the chemical energy contained in the fuel, as a result of the combustion process occuring inside the engine IC engine converts chemical energy of the fuel into mechanical energy, usually made available on a rotating … MODULE 3: HYDROGEN USE IN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES OBJECTIVES At the completion of this module, the technician will understand: • the combustive properties of hydrogen that relate to its use as a combustive fuel • the air/fuel ratio of hydrogen fuel mixtures and how it compares to other fuels • the types of p re-ignitio noblems enco utered in a hyd gen internal comb stio engine and

    CLASSIFICATION NOTES irclass.org

    classification of ic engine pdf

    Engine Design & Classification How automotive engines are. classification CI-4PLUS are formulated to provide a higher level of protection against soot-related viscosity increase and viscosity loss due to shear in vehicles powered by diesel engines., 1Internal Combustion Engines Lecture-3 Ujjwal KSaha, Ph.D. Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute o....

    CLASSIFICATION NOTES irclass.org. Internal Combustion Engines –MAK 493E Combustion in SI Engines Introduction Classification of the combustion process Normal combustion : flame speed, turbulence Parameters influencing combustion process Ignition system Abnormal combustion : knock, surface ignition Parameters influencing knock Cyclic variations in combustion. 2 Introduction In a conventional SI engine, fuel …, Classification of IC Engines - Download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. A finite description of IC engines & its classifications in the undergrad level.

    Classification of Engines Internal Combustion Engine

    classification of ic engine pdf

    what is engine and its classifications ic engines. Engine Design & Classification: An engine is a power generating machine. It converts potential energy of the fuel into heat energy and then into rotary motion. Internal Combustion Engines Lecture-3 Ujjwal K Saha, Ph.D. Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati Prepared under QIP-CD Cell Project. 2 Background. 3 Classifications 1. Engine Cycle Four Stroke Cycle Experiences 4 strokes of the Piston movements over 2 revolutions of the crankshaft Two Stroke Cycle Experiences 2 strokes of the Piston ….

    classification of ic engine pdf


    Types of 4 cylinder engines Inline Here all the cylinders of the engine are in a straight line. This is the most popular type of engine in India. Types of 4 cylinder engines Inline Here all the cylinders of the engine are in a straight line. This is the most popular type of engine in India.

    CLASSIFICATION OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES. There are different types of IC engines that can be classified on the following basis.ssified on the following basis. 11.. 1. According to thermodynamic cycle According to thermodynamic cycle i) Otto cycle i) Otto cycle engine engine engine oroorror Constant volume heat supplied cycle.Constant volume heat supplied cycle.Constant … Internal Combustion Engines Tiago Farias Engine classification 8. Fuel Injection CARBURETOR Port-Fuel INJECTION Direct INJECTION Differences between Gasoline Direct Injection and traditional Port Fuel Injection DI Port Fuel Injection Where fuel is applied Combustion chamber Intake port Fuel rail pressure 2,200 psi (150 bar) Approximately 60 psi (4 bar) Fuel apply (crank degrees) Approximately

    Lubricants, 4. Lubricants for Internal Combustion Engines. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. . Lubricants for Internal Combustion Engines. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of … An engine develops more torque at intermediate speeds than at the maximum speed. This is because the volumetric efficiency is higher at intermediate speeds. Thus, there is a greater amount of air to burn during the power stroke. This results in higher combustion pressure and therefore, a greater torque is applied to the crankshaft. At higher speeds the volumetric efficiency and combustion

    2 1 The Internal Combustion Engine—An Introduction ences a heat addition, in which its pressure and temperature increase. It then goes through Internal Combustion Engines –MAK 493E Combustion in SI Engines Introduction Classification of the combustion process Normal combustion : flame speed, turbulence Parameters influencing combustion process Ignition system Abnormal combustion : knock, surface ignition Parameters influencing knock Cyclic variations in combustion. 2 Introduction In a conventional SI engine, fuel …

    Internal Combustion Engines –MAK 493E Combustion in SI Engines Introduction Classification of the combustion process Normal combustion : flame speed, turbulence Parameters influencing combustion process Ignition system Abnormal combustion : knock, surface ignition Parameters influencing knock Cyclic variations in combustion. 2 Introduction In a conventional SI engine, fuel … Important..!About ic engine classification pdf is Not Asked Yet ? .. Please ASK FOR ic engine classification pdf BY CLICK HERE....Our Team/forum members are ready to help you in free of cost...

    GMT internal combustion engine fundamentals pdf - This text, by a leading authority in the field, presents a fundamental and factual development of the science and engineering underlying the design of combustion engines and turbines. An extensive illustration program supports the concepts and theories discussed. Sat, 22 Dec 2018 09:16:00 GMT Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals by John B Important..!About ic engine classification pdf is Not Asked Yet ? .. Please ASK FOR ic engine classification pdf BY CLICK HERE....Our Team/forum members are ready to help you in free of cost...

    Thereafter, Rudolf Diesel invented a different form of internal combustion engine in 1892. Continuous efforts have been given by the researchers for the improvements of the IC engines. Classification of Internal Combustion Engine This document is applicable to any IC engine(s) for which type approval certification is dated on or after 01 July 2016. The “date of application for type approval” is the date of documents

    17/08/2016 · A machine with moving parts that converts heat energy into mechanical energy. what is engine and its classification,engine classification ppt,classification of engine pdf,classification … Internal Combustion Engines Tiago Farias Engine classification 8. Fuel Injection CARBURETOR Port-Fuel INJECTION Direct INJECTION Differences between Gasoline Direct Injection and traditional Port Fuel Injection DI Port Fuel Injection Where fuel is applied Combustion chamber Intake port Fuel rail pressure 2,200 psi (150 bar) Approximately 60 psi (4 bar) Fuel apply (crank degrees) Approximately

    This document is applicable to any IC engine(s) for which type approval certification is dated on or after 01 July 2016. The “date of application for type approval” is the date of documents 17/08/2016 · A machine with moving parts that converts heat energy into mechanical energy. what is engine and its classification,engine classification ppt,classification of engine pdf,classification …

    ICE classification. Combustion engines can be classified into different categories. The two most important are based on the combustion process (spark ignition vs. compression ignition) and on working cycle (2 strokes vs. 4 strokes). An engine develops more torque at intermediate speeds than at the maximum speed. This is because the volumetric efficiency is higher at intermediate speeds. Thus, there is a greater amount of air to burn during the power stroke. This results in higher combustion pressure and therefore, a greater torque is applied to the crankshaft. At higher speeds the volumetric efficiency and combustion

    17/08/2016 · A machine with moving parts that converts heat energy into mechanical energy. what is engine and its classification,engine classification ppt,classification of engine pdf,classification … classification CI-4PLUS are formulated to provide a higher level of protection against soot-related viscosity increase and viscosity loss due to shear in vehicles powered by diesel engines.